Milton and Homer: "Written to Aftertimes"Gregory Machacek $58.00
Published in 2012 | 220 pages | cloth | ISBN: 978-0-8207-0447-0
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“Gregory Machacek’s Milton and Homer possesses considerable virtues . . . provid[ing] helpful readings of passages in Milton that have previously received so much critical scrutiny that one would hardly think fresh interpretation possible. Quite helpful both as a general discussion of Milton’s debt to Homer and of what a writer does when (s)he consciously alludes to another’s books.” — Sixteenth Century Journal
This is the first full-length study of the relation between Milton and Homer, arguably Milton's most important precursor. It is also the first study of a major interpoetic relationship that is responsive to the historicist critical enterprise, which has been dominant within literary study for the past 30 years, and engages the work of theorists of canon formation such as Barbara Herrnstein Smith and John Guillory.
Most studies of the relation between one poet and another are wholly diachronic, examining the way in which brief, verbal recollections of the earlier poet—allusions—enhance or qualify the significance of passages in the later, alluding poet's work. But this study goes beyond that, considering its focal poets within a synchronic framework that allows us to respond to the Homer of mid-seventeenth century England specifically rather than to some transhistorically unvarying Homer, thus revealing that Homer is important not only to the significance but also to the canonical status of Paradise Lost.
Machacek not only examines the ways in which Homer enriches our understanding of Paradise Lost, but also argues that Milton was guided by the ways that Homeric epics were being reproduced in his time to “leave something so written to aftertimes as they should not willingly let it die.” The Homeric poems influenced Milton in his own ambition of composing an enduring work of literature, as Machacek details in chapters on the war in heaven as moral exemplum; on Milton's negotiation of the contradictions inherent in the genre of Christian epic; on the relation of Paradise Lost to the emerging critical categories of originality and the sublime; and on the institution of the school, to which Milton entrusted the perpetuation of his epic. Milton's approach to (and success at) securing canonical status for Paradise Lost provides important insights not only into his own artistry, but into the dynamics of literary canon formation in general.
Milton and Homer will appeal to Miltonists, classicists, scholars of early modern literature, and those interested in the debate over the formation of the literary canon.
GREGORY MACHACEK is professor of English at Marist College in Poughkeepsie, New York, where he teaches courses on early modern British and ancient Greek and Roman literature. A former member of the executive committee of the Milton Society of America, he has published essays in Milton Quarterly, the American Journal of Philology, and PMLA.